June 6 – Birthday of Alexander Pushkin, International Day of the Russian Language
On June 6, the birthday of the great Russian poet, the founder of the modern Russian literary language, Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin, the Day of the Russian language is celebrated in Russia and in the world. The decision to hold the Day of the Russian Language as one of the official languages of the UN was first made at a meeting of the Department of Public Information of the UN Secretariat on February 20, 2010, on the eve of International Mother Language Day, as part of the program for the development of multilingualism and the preservation of cultural diversity.
Russian is one of the largest languages in the world. In terms of the number of speakers, the Russian language ranks sixth in the world (after English, Chinese, Hindi, Spanish and Arabic); in terms of prevalence - eighth place (after Chinese, Spanish, English, Arabic, Hindi, Bengali and Portuguese). For use on the Internet, Russian is ranked the second. It is one of the most translated languages in the world. Among the languages into which most books are translated, Russian is in seventh place. Among the languages most often translated, Russian is in fourth place.
Alexander Pushkin wrote about his native language: “As a material of literature, the Slavic-Russian language has undeniable superiority over all European ones: his fate was extremely happy. In the 11th century, the ancient Greek language suddenly opened its vocabulary to it, the treasury of harmony, granted it the laws of its deliberate grammar, its beautiful revolutions, the magnificent course of speech; in a word, he adopted him, thus saving himself from the slow improvements of time. By itself, it is already sonorous and expressive; from now on it will land flexibility and correctness. The common dialect needed to be separated from the book one; but later they became close, and such is the element given to us to communicate our thoughts”.